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The Amazing Life of Polar Animals

Polar life is a little different from that of mainland. It has minimum or no vegetation and is covered in snow. Life seems impossible there but there are some animals who have adopted to these extreme temperatures. Some of these animals have amazing capabilities that could astonish anyone.

 Polar Animals

Beluga Whale

Beluga Whales are found mostly in waters around the Arctic pole. Belugas are known for their excellent hearing capabilities. They could hear a sound of maximum 120 khz, whereas human range is only 20 khz. They have poor sight and they make it up with their echolocation senses. Belugas have a good lifespan, which ranges from 35-50 years.

Harp Seal

Harp Seal is a species of the earless seal and lives in the arctic region along with Greenland. Its called harp seal due to harp like marks on its back. Its sight is its most interesting feature and it contains a spherical lens which helps protect against intense glare of the ice at Arctic. These seals spend less time on land and prefer to stay in water most of the time.


Orcas are also called Killer Whales due to their excellent hunting abilities. They usually hunt in packs. It is the largest animal of the dolphin family. Orcas are highly intelligent and have the second heaviest brains among marine mammals. Orcas have beautiful White patches on their shiny black skin. They are identified by their pectoral fins, which are placed on their backs. An adult Orca can be as long as 25 feet and could weight about 6 tonnes. Their habitat ranges from Arctic to Antarctic.

Narwhal - Unicorn of the Sea

Narwhal is a member of the Monodontidae family of Whales, same as Beluga Whales. It is found mostly around the Arctic and parts of Russia, Canada and Greenland. It has a tusk on its upper jaw which could be 5-10 feet long. It is actually a canine tooth. Some males are seen with two tusks as well. Females are less likely to grow a tusk. Narwhal use sound to navigate.


Penguins are flightless birds that reside in the Southern Hemisphere, mostly Antarctica. There are about 20 living species of penguins and not all species live in the cold environment. The smallest among all species are Little Blue Penguin which is only about 40 cm tall and the largest ones are Emperor Penguins, which could be as tall as 3 feet. Penguins move slow on ground but they are proficient swimmers, due to the fact that they have flippers instead of wings.

Polar Bear

Polar Bears are large Bears that reside in the Arctic circle. Though Polar Bears are identical to their inland species, they have grown characteristics adopted to polar conditions. They are carnivorous and hunt seals mostly. They are good swimmers which makes it easy for them to chase preys. Seals often makes holes in the ice sheets and when they come to the holes to take in air, polar bears hunt them. Polar Bear hibernate during winters.

Polar Fox

Arctic Foxes are native to Northern Hemisphere. Their white fur helps them camouflage themselves from larger predetors like Polar Bears and Eagles. It mostly hunts smaller preys like lemmings, rabbits, sea birds, fishes and dead animals. Foxes often live with their partners and both parents care for their young ones.

Snowshoe Hare

Snowshoe Hare is another interesting creature of the snows. It is brown colored during summers and changes its color to snow white in winters. Snow Hare is among those few snow animals that don't hibernate.

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