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Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the Leader of the Nationalist Movement and Face of India's Struggle Against the British colonization of India. Due to His Preaching and Practice of Non-Violence and his Continuous Struggle Towards the Independence of India, He is Considered Bapu or 'Father of the Nation'.
Subhas Chandra Bose, Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel
Title of Mahatma
The Honorific Title of Mahatma is Often used as a Prefix with his name, Which Means 'a Great Soul in Hindi. He is Commonly Referred to as 'Gandhiji'. He is the Leader of Various Civil-Rights and Non-Violence Movements Across the Country and Inspired many Movements Across the World. Though Mahatma Gandhi was born in a Hindu Merchant Class Family, he Respected every religion. As he is Considered the Epitome of Non-Violence, his Birthday 02 October is Celebrated as International Day of Nonviolence.
Mahatma Gandhi laughing
 mahatma Gandhi Ji also Known Bapu or 'Father of the Nation
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Mahatma Gandhi's Early Life and Family
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 02 October 1869, in the city of Porbandar (Gujarat, India) to Government Officer Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi. While he was Still Learning at School, at the Age of 13, He was Married to 14 year Old Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia or Simply known as Kasturbai. Gandhi had four sons with Kasturbai. After Gandhiji's Father Passed away, his Uncle Suggested him to go to London to Study Law.
Mahatma Gandhi Standing on Balcony with wife Kasturba Gandhi and Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
Mahatma Gandhi's English Barrister Gandhi
In 1888, at The Age of 18, Mahatma Gandhi Went to London. Along with Studying law and Jurisprudence, he came in contact with a few members of the Theosophical Society, who Encouraged him to read holy book Bhagavad Gita. He Became a barrister in 1891 and left for India, only to learn about his mother's death. Mahatma Gandhi Failed to Continue his law Practice in India properly. He was Contacted by a Shipping Business Owner Dada Abdullah, Who Asked Gandhiji to Take up the Case of His Distant Cousin in Johannesburg (South Africa).
Gandhi in London as a law student
Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha in South Africa
In April 1893, Mahatma Gandhi Reached South Africa to defend the case of Abdullah's cousin. His case of Abdullah's Cousin Ended a year Later and he Was Preparing to go back to India but Few Incidents of racism and disparity among the South African society Made him to stay. He was often Asked to Sit on the floor of the Stagecoach in Trains, rather than Sitting on Seats with the Natives. He was once Thrown off a Train at Pietermaritzburg, when he refused to leave the first-class. Indians were not Allowed to walk on the pavements and Gandhiji was once kicked into a gutter for walking on the Pavements. These and many more Incidents along with Witnessing Similar Discrimination with other classes of the society, he decided to stay back and fight for it. He determined to Change such Biased laws and helped in the Formation of Natal Indian Congress in 1894
During Dandi March Gandhi ji
Mahatma Gandhi ideolistic journey
Gandhiji considered Russian Leo Tolstoy as His ideal and thus Started Satyagraha (devotion to the truth) and used Non-Violence to Fight back the Discrepancies in the South African system. Gandhiji Furthered his Idea of non-violence by setting up an Idealistic Community 'Tolstoy Farm' near Johannesburg. Gandhiji was Awarded Queen's South Africa Medal for his works during the Boer Wars. He spent a total of 21 years in South Africa.
Tagore with Mahatma Gandhi ji
Mahatma Gandhi's Return to India
Political Leader and Activist Gopal Krishna Gokhale Persuaded Gandhiji to return to India and Participate in the Struggle of Independence. Gandhiji later Joined Congress.
Mahatma Gandhi ji with Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the centre and Hermann Kallenbach
Champaran Agitation and Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha
Gandhiji's first Involvement in the Independence Struggle Came in 1917 When he Went to Champaran (Bihar) in view of the Growing agitation by Peasants. Peasants in Champaran Were Forced to Grow Indigo, which fruited less profit for the farmers and the lands were becoming less fertile. Gandhiji staged a Satyagraha and forced the Authorities to Provide Some Concessions with the order. The Farmers in Kheda part of Gujarat were Unhappy as the Authorities were not Willing to provide relief from the taxes in wake of the floods and Famine in 1918. Gandhiji went to Kheda along with regional leader Vallabhbhai Patel. He asked the farmers not to Cooperate with the revenue officers. Initially the demands were not met with but few months later the officers agreed upon a temporary exemption from taxes until the famine ends.
 Mahatma Gandhi With Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru Ji
Mahatma Gandhi's Khilafat and the Non-Cooperation Movements
In 1919, after the defeat of Ottoman Empire in World War I, the Muslims in India were upset with the British Government, as they considered Turkish Caliph as the Ummah and Britain was invading Turkey. Gandhiji supported the cause of Ali brothers and the Muslim League, thereby garnering their support and creating a bridge between Hindus and Muslims. Hence Khilafat movement was started to oppose the British imperialism. In February 1919, Gandhiji initiated the Non-Cooperation movement against the Rowlatt Act, by which Police could detain and take into custody, any non-working Indian government official and press charges. Gandhiji asked people to boycott British made goods and clothes, also to accept the swadeshi policy. People joined the movement in large numbers and burned their British-made belongings. The movement however took a halt when a British officer Reginald Dyer surrounded people who gathered for a meeting at Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) and ordered his troops to fire on them.
 Mahatma Gandhi Khilafat Movement
Mahatma Gandhi's Dandi March
There were heavy taxes levied on production of salt. Gandhiji was against it and decided to lead a march towards Dandi. He marched from Ahmadabad, along with huge crowds, 388 kilometers through 12 March to 6 April, to reach Dandi. He made salt himself. Eventually he was arrested. A total of 60000 people were arrested.
Gandhi Dandi March In the famous Salt March of April and May 1930
Mahatma Gandhi and Quit India Movement
When Gandhi-Irwin pact of 1931 and several 'round-table conferences' fruited no results, Gandhiji, in Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee on 8 August 1942, called for Quit India Movement. He requested fellow Indians not to join the British Army and to fight in the World War. He told the British Government that they should expect any support from the Indian side only if they promise to grant Independence. The British Government tried convincing Gandhiji with a long promise of Independence after the war. He urged Indians to Do or Die (Karo ya Maro), as in to fight for their rights or die trying. Gandhiji was arrested and released only when his health deteriorated, in May 1944.
Mahtma Gandhi Ji With Sarojni Naidu Ji at Dandi Yatra
Sources:i.pinimg
Independence
After the World war ended in 1945, when Britain was no longer able to contain India's continuous Independence struggle, they conceded to the demands of Indian politicians and agreed on granting Independence to India. Though the British parliament, well aware of the demands of Muslim League and growing disparity among two major groups of India, took advantage of it decided to divide the Indian state into two parts: A Muslim dominated Pakistan and a secular Indian half. Louis Mountbatten, the last Vice-Roy of India, supervised the process and on midnight 15 August 1947, India was granted Independence from British imperialism.
Mahatma Gandhi as alights at  station
Sources:i2.wp
Mahatma Gandhi's Assassination
On 30 January, 1948 Gandhiji was shot in chest by Nathuram Godse. He passed away the same day. The whole nation was gripped in grief. Nathuram Godse was arrested, tried and later sentenced to death, by law
Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi's Literary works
Gandhi edited many newspapers like Harijan, Indian Opinion, Young India and authored many books, including his biography 'The Story of My Experiments with Truth', which had true accounts of his life. Almost all of Mahatma Gandhi's work were collectively published under name 'The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi'
Mahatma Gandhi Ashram Sabarmati
Mahatma Gandhi's Awards and recognitions:
➯ Mahatma Gandhi was named Man of the Year in 1930 by Time Magazine
➯ Mahatma Gandhi was the runner up, when Albert Einstein was named Person of the Century
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji Peace prize is given by the Government of India in memory of Gandhiji
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji was named as one of the top 25 political icons of all time, by the Time Magazine
Mahatma Gandhi's Trivia:
➯ Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 02 October 1869
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji's father was the diwan of Porbandar
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji Married Kasturbai when he was 13 years old and had 4 sons with her
➯ Mahatma Gandhi went to London to study law and later to South Africa
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji started Satyagraha in South Africa against the oppression of people of Indian decent
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji went to Champaran and Kheda to support the movement of peasants
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji supported Khilafat movement and led the Non-Cooperation movement
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji made a pact with Lord Irwin to free the political prisoners in India
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji went to London to attend Round-table conferences
➯ Gandhiji started the Quit-India movement in 1942
➯ Mahatma Gandhiji was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse
Mahatma Gandhi's personal Quotes:
➯ "The woes of the Mahatmas are known only to the Mahatmas"
➯ "An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind"
➯ "As we didn't know much about marriage, for us it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets and playing with relatives."
➯ Karo ya maro ("Do or die")
➯ In reality there are as many religions as there are individuals
➯ It is not possible to make a person or society non-violent by compulsion
➯ No action which is not voluntary can be called moral
➯ Any action that is dictated by fear or by coercion of any kind ceases to be moral
➯ There is no such thing as slow freedom. Freedom is like a birth. Till we are fully free we are slaves
➯ To believe in something, and not to live it, is dishonest
Sources:wikipedia
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