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Ernest Rutherford

Ernest Rutherford is the father of nuclear chemistry and nuclear physics. was born on August 30 1871, in Spring Grove, New Zealand. He Discovered and named the Atomic Nucleus, The Proton, The Alpha Particle, and the Beta Particle. He Discovered The Concept of Nuclear Half-lives and Achieved the first Deliberate Transformation Of one Element Into Another, Fulfilling one of the Ancient Passions of the Alchemists. Rutherford was Awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his Theory of Atomic Structure. Dubbed the "Father of the Nuclear Age" Rutherford died in Cambridge, England, on October 19, 1937 of a Strangulated Hernia
Der neuseelandische 100 Dollar Schein zeigt auf der Vorderseite Sir Ernest Rutherford
Career of Ernest Rutherford
Under the Supervision of J. J. Thomson at Cambridge, Ernest Rutherford Invented a Detector for Electromagnetic waves. He Managed to Detect Radio Waves at Half a mile, a ground-Breaking achievement at that point of Time. In 1897, he received his B.A. Research Degree and the Coutts-Trotter Studentship of Trinity College
Ernest Rutherford Atome de nuclear model
In 1898, Ernest Rutherford Stated the Presence of Alpha and beta Rays in Uranium Radiation and Specified some of their Characteristics. The same year, on Thomson's Reference, He was Accepted for the Position of Macdonald Professor of Physics at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Two years later in 1900, He Received a D.Sc Degree from the University of New Zealand
Ernest Rutherford the father of nuclear chemistry and nuclear physics
In 1907, Ernest Rutherford Returned to England to Become the Langworthy Professor of Physics at the University of Manchester. During World War I, he worked on a Classified project of Submarine Detection by sonar. In 1909, in collaboration with Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden, Ernest Rutherford Conducted the Geiger-Marsden Experiment, Which Established the Nuclear Nature of Atoms by Deflecting Alpha Particles Passing Through a thin Gold Foil
Hans Geiger and Ernest Rutherford
In 1919, Ernest Rutherford also Became the First Person to Transform one Element into Another. In the Experiment, He Used Alpha Radiation to Convert Nitrogen into Oxygen. In the Products of the Reaction, He Observed and Brought forth a new Particle Called Proton in 1920
Nelson college Ernest rutherford
Sources:THEPROW
Ernest Rutherford also named the particle neutron during the Bakerian Lecture of 1920 and the following year, he theorized its existence in association with Niels Bohr. Years later in 1932, the theory was proved right by his associate James Chadwick, who received the Nobel Prize in Physics (1935) for this breakthrough
The wedding Ernest and Mary Rutherford
Apart from Chadwick, Ernest Rutherford also Guided Other Scientists like Blackett,Cockcroft and Walton to their Nobel Prize win, Nobel Laureates like G.P. Thomson, Appleton, Powell, and Aston Researched with him for some time In 1925, he Urged the Government of New Zealand to Support Education and research, This Resulted in the Formation of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) in 1926 Between 1925 and 1930. He was the President of the Royal Society, and later President of the Academic Assistance Council which Assisted Nearly 1,000 University refugees from Germany
In  1924,Fourth Solvay Conference, Brussels,theme was the Electrical conductivity of Metals
Ernest Rutherford is Known as the Father of Nuclear Physics. His own Researches and work Done by his Associates and Students Under his Supervision, Established the Nuclear Structure of the Atom and the Characteristics of Radioactive decay as a Nuclear Process
While at Cambridge, He Worked with J. J. Thomson on the Conductive Effects of X-rays on gases. This led to the Discovery of the Electron which Thomson Presented to the World in 1897. While exploring uranium's radioactivity, he Discovered two Distinct types of Radiations that Differed from X-rays in their Penetrating Power. He Named them Alpha Ray and Beta ray in 1899
Blue plaque commemorating the Research Carried out by Ernest Rutherford in the field of nuclear physics
In 1903, Ernest Rutherford Considered a Type of Radiation Discovered Previously by a French Chemist,Paul Villard. It had a Much Greater Penetration Power and he Named it the Gamma ray. All three Names of the Radiations-Alpha, Beta, and Gamma are still in Common use to this day
In 1919, he Became the first Person to Transform one Element into Another. This was Achieved Through an Experimentation Wherein Alpha Radiation was used to Convert Nitrogen Into Oxygen. As a Result of the Reaction, Proton was Discovered in 1920
Ernest Rutherford with Friends
Sources:History
Ernest Rutherford Published Several Successful Books like 'Radioactivity' (1904); 'Radioactive Transformations' (1906), 'Radiation from Radioactive Substances', with James Chadwick and C.D. Ellis (1919-1930), and 'The Electrical Structure of Matter' (1926)
In Brightwater, New Zealand, Statue of Ernest Rutherford  his memorial
Awards and Achievements of Ernest Rutherford:
➯ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908 Was Awarded to Ernest Rutherford "for his Investigations into the Disintegration of the Elements, and the Chemistry of Radioactive substances"
➯ Ernest Rutherford was knighted in 1914, in 1925, he was admitted to the Order of Merit and in 1931, He was Raised to First Baron Rutherford of Nelson, New Zealand, and Cambridge
➯ Ernest Rutherford was Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1903 and was its President from 1925 to 1930
➯ Amongst other Honours, Ernest Rutherford Received the Rumford Medal (1905), The Hector Memorial Medal (1916) and the Copley Medal (1923). He also Received the Bressa Prize of the Turin Academy of Science (1910), the Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts (1928), the Faraday Medal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (1930), and the T. K. Sidey Medal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (1933)
➯ Ernest Rutherford Received Honorary Doctorates From the Universities of Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, McGill, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Melbourne, Yale, Glasgow, Giessen, Copenhagen, Cambridge, Dublin, Durham, Oxford, Liverpool, Toronto, Bristol, Cape Town, London and Leeds
Quotes by Ernest Rutherford:
➯ A theory that you can't explain to a bartender is probably no damn good
➯ All of physics is either impossible or trivial. It is impossible until you understand it, and then it becomes trivial
➯ All science is either physics or stamp collecting
➯ All scientific men will be delighted to extend their warmest congratulations to Tesla and to express their appreciation of his great contributions to science
➯ Don't let me catch anyone talking about the Universe in my department
➯ Gentlemen, now you will see that now you see nothing. And why you see nothing you will see presently
➯ I have broken the machine (the atom) and touched the ghost of matter
➯ If your result needs a statistician then you should design a better experiment
➯ In science there is only physics; all the rest is stamp collecting
Personal Life and Legacy of Rutherford :
➯ In 1900, Ernest Rutherford married Mary Georgina Newton, daughter of Arthur and Mary de Renzy Newton. The couple had a daughter, Eileen Mary who married British physicist and astronomer, Ralph Fowler
➯ Ernest Rutherford favourite hobbies were golf and motoring
➯ Ernest Rutherford died after suffering from strangulated hernia on 19 October 1937, at the age of 66. He was interred at Westminster Abbey, near Isaac Newton and Lord Kelvin
Sources:wikipedia
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