Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln(February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), the 16th President of the United States, also known as the Honest Abe, the Rail-Splitter, or the Great Emancipator, was an American politician and lawyer who served as President from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He preserved the Union during the American Civil War and brought about the 'emancipation' of the slaves. He preserved the Union, paved the way to the abolition of slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., was dedicated to him on May 30, 1922.
President Abraham Lincoln
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Abraham Lincoln's Home
Abraham Lincoln Home
Abraham Lincoln was Born in a backwoods Cabin 3 miles (5 km) South of Hodgenville, Kentucky. His Father, Thomas Lincoln, was the Descendant of a weaver’s Apprentice who had Migrated from England to Massachusetts in 1637. On June 12, 1806, he Married Nancy Hanks. Thomas and Nancy Lincoln had Three Children: Sarah, Abraham, and Thomas.Abraham's mother passed away when he was 9 years old.Abraham Lincoln was an avid Reader and Largely Self-Educated.
President Lincoln with youngest son
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Lincoln's First Romantic interest was Ann Rutledge, who Succumbed to Typhoid Fever a Few Years Later. In 1840, Lincoln became Engaged to Mary Todd, who was from a Wealthy Slave-holding family in Lexington, Kentucky and later married her on November 4, 1842. Lincoln fathered 4 Children but only one 'Robert Todd Lincoln' Survived and reached adulthood. Lincoln's Father-in-Law and others of the Todd Family were either Slave Owners or Slave Traders.
Abraham Lincoln family
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Watch : Abraham Lincoln - Mini Biography
The Road to Presidency-

When Lincoln First Entered Politics, 'Andrew Jackson' was President. Lincoln Shared the Sympathies that the Jacksonians Professed for the Common man, but he Disagreed that the Government Should be divorced from Economic Enterprise. “The Legitimate Object of government,” he was Later to Say, “is to do for a Community of People whatever they need to have done, but cannot do at all, or cannot do so well, for Themselves, in their Separate and individual Capacities.”

Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln ran for the Whig Nomination for Illinois's 7th District of the U.S. House of Representatives in 1843, but was defeated by John J. Hardin. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1846, where he served one two-year term. Lincoln, in collaboration with abolitionist Congressman Joshua R. Giddings, wrote a bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. As a Whig member of the Illinois State Legislature, to which he was elected four times from 1834 to 1840, Lincoln devoted himself to a grandiose project for constructing with state funds a network of railroads, highways, and canals. For about five years Abraham Lincoln took little Part in Politics. In 1854 his political rival Stephen A. Douglas Maneuvered, through Congress, a bill for reopening the entire Louisiana Purchase to slavery and allowing the settlers of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether to permit slaveholding in those territories. The Kansas-Nebraska Act provoked violent opposition in Illinois and the other states of the old Northwest. It gave rise to the 'Republican Party' while speeding the Whig Party on its way to disintegration. Along with many thousands of other Homeless Whigs, Lincoln soon Became a Republican (1856).

mcclellan and lincoln

Abraham Lincoln gave a Memorable Speech at Cooper Union in February 1960 to which Journalist Noah Brooks Reported, "No man ever before made such an impression on his first Appeal to a New York Audience. Lincoln Challenged the incumbent Douglas for the Senate seat in 1858, but lost to him. On May 18, 1860, he was Nominated on the third ballot at the Republican National Convention in Chicago and won by the method of popular votes system of the Electoral College. On foreign and Military Policy, Lincoln Spoke out Against the Mexican–American War.

Lincoln with Inscription
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Presidency:-
Abraham ran for Presidency and on November 6, 1860, Lincoln was Elected the 16th President of the United States, beating Douglas, Breckinridge, and Bell. He was the first President from the Republican Party. His Victory was Entirely due to the Strength of his Support in the North and West; no Ballots were Cast for him in 10 of the 15 Southern Slave States, and he Won Only Two of 996 Counties in All the Southern States.
Abraham lincoln inauguration 1861
American Civil War

Major Robert Anderson, the Commander of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, sent a request for provisions to Washington, as they were starving, and the execution of Lincoln's order to meet that request was seen by the secessionists as an act of war. On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces fired on Union troops at Fort Sumter, forcing them to surrender, and began the war.

On April 15, Abraham Lincoln called on all the states to send detachments Totaling 75,000 Troops to Recapture forts, Protect Washington, and "preserve the Union". Virginia declared its Secession and was Rewarded with the Confederate capital. North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas also voted for secession over the next two months. Secession Sentiment was Strong in Missouri and Maryland.

General Scott Advised Abraham Lincoln to Avoid battle with the Confederate forces in Virginia. Overruling Scott, he ordered a Direct Advance on the Virginia Front, which resulted in defeat and rout for the Federal Forces at Bull Run (July 21, 1861).

Memorial record of the nations tribute to Abraham Lincoln 1865
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Leadership in war
As a war leader, Lincoln Employed the style that had Served him as a Politician—a Description of himself, incidentally, that he was not Ashamed to Accept. He Preferred to React to Problems and to the Circumstances that Others had Created rather than to Originate Policies and Lay Out Long-Range Designs. After Many of the Generals Failed in their Strategies and were not able to Subdue the Aggression, Abraham Lincoln Finally looked to the West for a top general. He admired the Vicksburg Campaign of 'Ulysses S. Grant' in Mississippi. Nine days after the Vicksburg surrender (which occurred on July 4, 1863), he sent Grant a “Grateful Acknowledgment for the almost inestimable service” he had done the country. In March 1864 Abraham Lincoln Promoted Grant to Lieutenant General and gave him Command of all the Federal Armies.
Emancipation Proclamationt
Lincoln and his generals

Abraham Lincoln Came forth with an Emancipation plan of his Own. According to his Proposal, the Slaves were to be Freed by State Action, the Slaveholders were to be compensated, the federal government was to share the financial burden, the emancipation process was to be gradual, and the freedmen were to be colonized abroad. Congress indicated its willingness to vote the necessary funds for the Lincoln plan, but none of the border slave states were willing to launch it, and in any case few African American leaders desired to see their people sent abroad.

Lincoln took quite a different step by issuing his preliminary (September 22, 1862) and his final (January 1, 1863) 'Emancipation Proclamation'. This famous decree, which he justified as an exercise of the president’s war powers, applied only to those parts of the country actually under Confederate control, not to the loyal slave states nor to the federally occupied areas of the Confederacy. Though the Proclamation brought freedom during the war to Fewer than 200,000 Slaves, it had Great Significance as a Symbol.

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1864 Re-election, Assassination and End of War
President Lincoln Entering Richmond

Abraham Lincoln was re-elected to the post of President in 1864, amidst war. He signed the 'Homestead Act' in 1862, making millions of acres of government-held land in the West available for purchase at very low cost. The Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 and 1864 granted federal support for the construction of the United States' First Transcontinental Railroad.

Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by 'John Wilkes Booth' on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, while attending a play at 'Ford's Theatre' as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination occurred five days after the surrender of 'Robert E. Lee' and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.

On April 26, 1865, General Joseph E. Johnston surrendered nearly 90,000 men of the Army of Tennessee to Major General William T. Sherman at the Bennett Place near present-day Durham, North Carolina. It proved to be the largest surrender of Confederate forces, effectively bringing the war to an end.

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Historical Reputation and Memorials
Abraham Lincoln Entering Richmond

President Lincoln's assassination set him as a national martyr, in the eyes of people. Lincoln became a favorite exemplar for liberal intellectuals across Europe and Latin America and even in Asia. Abraham Lincoln's portrait appears on two denominations of United States currency, the penny and the $5 bill.

The most famous and most visited memorials are Lincoln's sculpture on Mount Rushmore. Lincoln Memorial, Ford's Theatre, and Petersen House (where he died) in Washington, D.C.; and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, Illinois are other places of historical importance which are visited by many tourists and historians every year.

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Trivia of Abraham Lincoln
➯ Abraham Lincoln was born at Kentucky
➯ Honest Abe, the Rail-Splitter and the Great Emancipator were Abraham Lincoln's Nicknames
➯ Abraham Lincoln Married Mary Todd in 1842
➯ Abraham Lincoln had 4 Children
➯ Abraham Lincoln was the First U.S. President from Republican Party
➯ 'Homestead Act' Signed by Lincoln in 1862, Made Millions of Acres of Government Land Available to any male Over 21 who Could pay a Small Processing fee
➯ Abraham Lincoln's portrait Appears on Two Denominations of United States Currency, the penny and the $5 bill
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Quotes by Abraham Lincoln
➯ "A House divided Against itself Cannot Stand"
➯ “My Policy is to have no Policy.”
➯ "You can Fool Some of the People all of the time, and all of the People some of the time, but you Cannot fool all of the People all of the Time".
➯ “I Claim not to have Controlled Events, but Confess Plainly that Events have Controlled Me.”
Sourse:wikipedia
Sourse:britannica


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